WP1 - Coordination and Management

    • D1.1 - Project Shared Workspace (PSW) implemented and operational (M2) - CONFIDENTIAL
      Public Abstract:
      To fulfil two fundamental internal project communication requirements: i) efficient exchange between partners of information about EcoFuel project ii) decentralised and secured archiving of the documents generated, one independent and secured web-based communication tool: Project Shared Workplace – PSW has been implemented with a restricted access for project partners only. Among all the functionalities installed on this PSW, for now partners have a total access to the following tools: Document sharing and archiving, Meeting organization, General project communication, Online working document.
      The PSW maintenance is therefore an on-going activity that will go along with the project lifetime.
    • D1.2 - Updated risk analysis and contingency plan in face of international competition (M6) - CONFIDENTIAL
      Public Abstract:A project specific risk assessment, including all potential risks – both technological and organisational - is an inclusive part of WP Coordination and Management of EcoFuel project. This report, deliverable D2.1. lists all potential project risks, rates the risks regarding the potential impact on project and names contingency measures. The risks are assessed and monitored continuously during the course of the project to avoid delays and to reduce risk for failure. The report describing the status as of month 6 of project task 1.3 - Risk management and contingency planning of EcoFuel project. Disclaimer: This document is a living document and might be adapted throughout the project duration.
    • D1.3 - Detailed Project Management Plan (M3) - CONFIDENTIAL
      Public Abstract: The EcoFuel Detailed Project Management Plan aims at supporting the project partners in the legal, financial and administrative handling of the project on a daily basis. It monitors progress and further supports the quality management in the project to a large extent. The procedures described in this project management plan are backed up with templates and lists for reporting, a detailed time schedule monitors progress against deliverables and milestones.
    • D1.4 - Assessment of the achievement of the month 18 decision milestone and an updated risk analysis and contingency plan (M18) - CONFIDENTIAL
    • D1.5 - Updated Project Management Plan (M18) - CONFIDENTIAL
    • D1.6 - Assessment of the achievement of the month 30 decision milestone and an updated risk analysis and contingency plan (M27) - CONFIDENTIAL

WP2 - Inputs for Fuel Synthesis

    • D2.1 - Study on sourcing of CO2 and water from concentrated sources (M6) - CONFIDENTIAL
      Public Abstract: Resources needed for the EcoFuel process are carbon dioxide, water and renewable energy. The main purpose of this study is to elucidate the availability of these resources and give an impression about the related efforts and costs needed to provide the resources for the production of synthetic fuel. Sourcing of water is evaluated in terms of availability, economic and ecologic aspects. Detailed information is presented in this context about seawater desalination. The following tasks of WP2 will focus on development of a novel DAC technology based on electrodialysis. Complementary, this theoretical study puts the emphasis on sourcing of CO2 from concentrated sources. Basic calculation on the amount of water and CO2 required for the EcoFuel process allow first cost estimation for the required feedstock. The cost of CO2 has a significant effect on the cost of synthetic fuel in the EcoFuel process while cost of water is less than 1% of costs for CO2 supply.
    • D2.2 - Demonstration of CO2 DAC at small scale and delivery of captured CO2 to WP6 (M27) - CONFIDENTIAL
    • D2.3 - Virtual scale-up of the DAC process, OPEX and CAPEX (M36) - CONFIDENTIAL

WP3 - Catalyst Development for Electrochemical Processes

    • D3.1 - Report on electrocatalyst structure-activity-selectivity relations with respect to C2/C3 hydrocarbons formation (M12) - CONFIDENTIAL
      Public Abstract: Oxide-derived Cu nanoparticles with different facets and shapes are developed by facet engineering and further modifications focus on the development of doping-based copper catalysts. New advances are made in the use of two-dimensional materials as carriers for copper catalysts. Mechanistic studies are initiated by in-situ TEM.
    • D3.2 - Report on electrocatalyst structure-activity-selectivity relations of OER anode electrocatalysts (M12) - CONFIDENTIAL
      Public Abstract: So far in the EcoFuel project, a variety of platinum group metal and base metal oxygen evolution electrocatalysts have been evaluated for activity and durability in acidic, near-neutral, and alkaline conditions. This report details the progress made in the synthesis, characterisation and electrochemical testing of OER catalysts for electrochemical CO2 reduction.
    • D3.3 - Report on cathode and anode electrocatalysts activity in GDE formats showing progress toward WP targets and milestones (M18) - CONFIDENTIAL
      Public Abstract: Anode and cathode gas diffusion electrodes were developed by investigation of various substrates and catalyst ink formulations. Advances in energy efficiency were made based on cathode electrodes composed of a CuO particle catalyst and variations a PTFE substrate.
    • D3.4 - Final report on WP achievements in terms of efficiency of new catalysts in small scale electrolyser flow cells (M30) - CONFIDENTIAL

WP4 - Cell Design and Process Parameters

    • D4.1 - Report on experimental results obtained while optimising cell design for C2/C3 gaseous products, and ideal optimal cell design delivered to WP4 partners (M18) - CONFIDENTIAL
      Public Abstract: Electrolyte flow compartments were designed and their influence on CO2 reduction performance was studied. A new current collector design is proposed for the potential scale up of PTFE-based GDE´s.
    • D4.2 - First report on the structural or textural changes of electrocatalysts, and on the effect of parameters employed during CO2 reduction in a small flow reactor (M18) - CONFIDENTIAL
      Public Abstract: Co-feed gas mixtures of CO2 and CO were used as reactant for electrolysis to increase the production rates for C2+ compounds. A significant improvement in the production rates for ethylene, ethanol and propanol was observed when the CO concentration of the CO2-rich gas mixtures was increased.
    • D4.3 - First report on the stability of electrodes/catalysts, and on the effect of contamination occurring during CO2 reduction carried out in small lab devices (M18) - CONFIDENTIAL
      Public Abstract: A variety of platinum group metal and base metal oxygen evolution electrocatalysts have been evaluated for activity and durability outside of an electrolytic flow cell. Durability was assessed by comparing activity loss and metal. For the cathode, different ionomer and GDL properties were also explored with the aim to prevent or delay electrode flooding in the flow cell. The CuO cathodes were tested in flow-type electrolysis cell using 200 mA/cm2 current density, in the electrocatalytically reduction of CO2. The aimed product was ethylene. Its concentration passes through a maximum in function of time, after a while the cathodes lost their activity. The lifetime of the electrode was around 29h using pure CO2, however, this value strongly decreased if oxygen was added to the CO2.
      Surface analytique revealed that CuO is partly reduced and the thickness of the layer decreases during the electrolysis. In the presence of oxygen decrease of layer thickness is more pronounced. A flow-cell system for electrochemical CO2 reduction with gas diffusion electrode (GDE) as working electrode, and Ni-based catalyst as anode was successfully established. Four-layer GDEs have been developed that demonstrate much higher faradic efficiency for ethylene production and much longer electrochemical stability than two-layer and three-layer GDEs.
      Additionally, NiFe/NF LDH and NixPy/NF LDH also demonstrate long stability at high current density for more than 46 or 20 h, respectively. This work presents an electrochemical cell that makes use of a combination of PTFE substrates and a CuO particle catalyst for fabrication of cathode gas diffusion electrodes that allow selective CO2 reduction to ethylene at large current densities.
      Furthermore, initial tests suggest a stability in selectivity under variation of applied electrical load over several hours.
      Selected influence parameters on product selectivity and process stability have been investigated: 1) liquid products in electrolyte, 2) AEI content in ink for cathode preparation and 3) two methods of insertion of catalyst in GDE.
    • D4.4 - Final report on the structural or textural changes of electrocatalysts, and on the effect of parameters employed during CO2 reduction in a small flow reactor (M30) - CONFIDENTIAL
    • D4.5 - Scaled and stacked electrolyser consisting of > 5 electrolysis cells with an effective electrode surface area of 300cm2. This stack will be operated as part of WP6 (M30)- CONFIDENTIAL
    • D4.6 - Final report on the stability of electrodes/catalysts, and on the effect of contamination occurring during CO2 reduction carried out in small lab devices (M36)- CONFIDENTIAL

WP5 - Conversion to Fuel Precursors

    • D5.1 - Process design for thermo-catalytic conversion and specification of feed gas requirements - (M4) - CONFIDENTIAL
      Public Abstract: In the framework of the EcoFuel project, the complete reaction cascade from air-captured CO2 to low emission fuels is investigated. In here, we give a survey of catalytic processes and the patent situation for the oligomerization of C2/C3 olefins. Based on that, we identify most suitable systems for production of fuel-ranged products.
    • D5.2 - Report on preparation of first set of catalysts for thermo-catalytic alkene oligomerization - (M12) - CONFIDENTIAL
      Public Abstract: After identification of critical reaction parameters for the thermo-catalytic conversion of ethylene to middle distillates (D5.1) this report summarizes the preparation of a first set of catalytic material. The chosen example is the promising Ni supported on zeolites as catalyst prepared by a simple Ni2+ exchange route. A promising strategy follows an indirect exchange of Ni2+ on previously Ca2+ exchanged zeolites in their H-form.
    • D5.3 - Report on screening and identification of polymers and membrane systems offering the highest ethylene separation factors - (M14) - CONFIDENTIAL
      Public Abstract: The gaseous C2+ hydrocarbon feed exiting the ECO2R electrolyser cell stack is the input gas feed of the subsequent gas separation process step. The objective of Task 5.2 is an energy-efficient separation of the relevant C2+ hydrocarbons from hydrogen and unreacted CO2 that are both fed back into the electrolyser stack to increase the electrocatalytic CO2 conversion and energy efficiency. The gas feed for OTL synthesis exiting the gas separation unit will contain low levels of H2, CH4 and CO. The developed Olefine Separation Unit design involves a multi-permeator multi-compressor system to enrich C2+ achieving both high purity and high recovery. The system is evaluated using numerical process simulation and key process performance data is provided within this report.
    • D5.4 - Report on manufacturing and testing of an experimental membrane module for C2/C3 alkene enrichment equipped with synthesized composite membranes - (M22) - CONFIDENTIAL
    • D5.5 - Report on development of procedures for upgrading and fractionation of product mixture yielded from thermo-catalytic alkene oligomerization - (M24)- CONFIDENTIAL
    • D5.6 - Report on screening and testing of thermo-catalytic alkene oligomerization and selection of most suitable process configuration for WP6 - (M26)- CONFIDENTIAL

WP6 - Demonstration of Reaction Cascade to Products

    • D6.1 - Report on concept for reaction cascade to fuel products regarding design, scales and interfaces (M24) - CONFIDENTIAL
    • D6.2 - Commissioning of the thermo-catalytic process unit for the synthesis of C6+ hydrocarbon fuel products (M28) - CONFIDENTIAL
    • D6.3 - Commissioning of the electro-chemical system to produce C2+ gaseous hydrocarbons (M34) - CONFIDENTIAL
    • D6.4 - Report on demonstrating the whole reaction cascade to synthesize optimised fuel products under industrially relevant conditions (M36) - CONFIDENTIAL

WP7 - Impact-related Studies

    • D7.1 - Literature review of existing LCA and techno-economic studies on competitive technologies and alternative and fossil fuels production technologies (M12) - PUBLIC - PDF
      The project EcoFuel addresses the topic “Development of next generation renewable fuel technologies from CO2 and renewable energy”. It will develop a novel thorough process chain that significantly improves the energy efficiency for production of synthetic fuel out of CO2 and water using renewable energy. The sustainable approach of EcoFuel shall be assessed through a LCA and a TEA. This study serves as the baseline for the evaluation, by analysing and determining environmental and economic aspects various production pathways of fossil, bio-based, and in particular synthetic fuels. Apart from the GWP of the different fuel pathways, further environmental impacts are discussed as well. Mean values, bandwidth, and uncertainties are elaborated, as far as possible. The technoeconomic analysis section of this report is a comparative discussion of process routes from CO2 to hydrocarbon fuels such as gasoline, kerosene and diesel (i.e. “drop in” fuels). Several technoeconomic assessments are reviewed comparing promising processes covering a wide range of TRLs, with a focus on routes involving electrolysis. A separate discussion of the technoeconomic merits of different CO2 capture methods is included, as is a discussion of which CO2 reduction products are themselves most economically feasible to target.
    • D7.2 - Environmental and techno-economic impact assessment of EcoFuel project - built with experimental values demonstrated within the project (M36) - CONFIDENTIAL
    • D7.3 - Assessment of EcoFuel products as fuels for combustion engines (M36) - CONFIDENTIAL

WP8 - Knowledge Management, Dissemination, Communication

    • D8.1 - Design of a project visual identity set and project templates (presentations, logo) (M1) - PUBLIC - PDF
      The communication of the project will be unified along a common visual entity. A coherent visual chart (colours, fonts, designs) will be derived from the project logo and provided in several shapes and formats (document templates etc.). This visual identity will be used extensively throughout the project, creating a distinguishable brand that will be recognized by the various communities.
    • D8.2 - Implementation of a project website (M3) - PUBLIC - PDF
      The ECOFUEL project website is designed to fulfil project communication and dissemination needs for the benefit of the whole scientific community and the public through relevant information including:
        • project overall objectives, partner & work packages information
        • project activities: news, meetings
        • project progress: technical publications, conference presentations, public domain reports
        • project resources: links, related events …
        • project contact information
      All the partners will collectively participate in the dissemination objective of the website by providing up-to-date information.
    • D8.3 - Dissemination and knowledge management protocol (M4) - CONFIDENTIAL
      This report presents the dissemination protocol for the EcoFuel project, the procedure for “Open Access” to peer reviewed research articles, internal rules, information on support from the EU members and the strategy for Knowledge Management within the project.
    • D8.4 - Organisation of an EcoFuel dedicated symposium (M30) - PUBLIC
    • D8.5 - Survey of dissemination activities and final plan for dissemination (M36) - PUBLIC
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